Weyburn reservoir, Located in southeast Saskatchewan and operated by PanCanadian PetroLeum Ltd., has reached its economic Limit of production by waterflooding. The reservoir is a target for tertiary CO2 miscible flooding to enhance oil recovery and extend its production Life. A comprehensive study has been conducted by the Saskatchewan Research Council and PanCanadian to assess the suitability of the process for Weyburn.
This paper presents a technical evaluation of CO2 near miscibleinjection for Weyburn reservoir. This is based on laboratory studies conducted with three Weyburn oils collected from different regions of the reservoir. These studies included:
measurement of minimum miscibility pressure for the reconstituted reservoir fluids for pure and impure CO2,
determination of PVT properties for reservoir fluid-CO2 mixtures. and
assessment of recovery behaviour from uniquely designed Laboratory coreflood tests representing the permeability contrast of the reservoir.
The studies indicated that the CO2 minimum miscibility pressure for the Weyburn reservoir oils varied from about 11.5 to N.5 MPa. indicating suitability for CO2 miscible flooding. PVJ data generated for the three Weyburn reservoirfluid-CO2 mixtures showed that viscosity reduction and oil swelling by CO2 also contributed to oil recovery. A slight manipulation of he measured PVT properties of the mixtures made it possible to obtain single property curves for the three Weyburn oils. This feature can be used to estimate the PVT behaviour for any Weyburn oil from the reservoir. Coreflood studies showed that CO2 injected into the Vuggy zone could rise to the upper Marly zone and heLp enhance oil recovery. A separate simulation and modelling study conducted by PanCanadian Petroleum Ltd. satisfactorily matched the experimental PVT propenies. MMP values and recovery mechanism suggested by the coreflood behaviour.
The total oil reserves of Saskatchewan are estimated at over 3 billion m3 of initial oil-in-place (lOIP). The light and medium oil (LMO) reserves contribute approximately 1.6 billion m3 IOIP. 1 Over 10% of the LMO reserves, or 178 million m3 IOIP, are held in Weyburn reservoir. The Weyburn field is located approximately 130 km southeast of Regina in Saskatchewan and covers over 180 km2 of production area. The field was discovered in 1955 and PanCanadian Petroleum (PCP) Ltd. is the major operator. It has over 627 producing wells and 162 water injection wells on approximately 24 ha spacing. 2.
The oil production from the Weyburn field comes from Midale beds of the Mississippian Charles Formation in the Williston Basin at a depth of 1310 to 1500 m. The field was produced by primary depletion for about 9 years until 1964. Waterflood was started thereafter using a nine-spot pattern. In 1985, to optimize the waterflood performance, both horizontal and vertical infill drilling programs were initiated. The combined oil recovery by primary and secondary production was approximately 28% IOIP by 1994. Waterflooding has almost reached its economic limit for the Weyburn reservoir. The ultimate conventional recovery is expected to be 31% IOIP, leaving a large target for tertiary recovery techniques.3 A similar situation exists for the majority of Saskatchewan's LMO reservoir.1,4