Abstract

This work foucs on the safety transportation and risk evaluation of LNG accidental release and vapor cloud flame. The experimental was conducted in water tank with dimension of 1×0.5×0.5 in height × long × width and placed in a wind tunnel. The LNG released from a storage tank which connected by a flexible insulation tube. A stainless steel pipeline placed through the plexiglass tank with three orifice sizes and 0.6 m water depth. The leakage pressure and volume flow rate was measured by a pressure gauge and liquid flow meter with online monitoring. The dynamic behavior of LNG jet release was recorded by a high speed camera from a full and micro view. The flammable vapor was immediately ignited on the water surface under different crosswinds. In addition, a new correlation of the radio between flame height to width with mass loss rate and wind speed has been proposed. The flame temperature was employed by an array of K-type thermalcaplous in vertical and horizontal directions. An infrared camera was used to compare the thermal distribution for quantitative.

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