To date, there are no publicly available, validated tools or industry accepted guidelines for the assessment of Vortex-Induced Vibration (VIV) fatigue of rigid Jumper (spool) systems. The existing state of practice has been to treat rigid jumper systems as free spanning pipelines and apply the associated design principles in DNV GL recommended practice DNV-RP-F105/DNVGL-RP-F105 (Free Spanning Pipelines). However, widely used rigid jumper systems such as the M-shape jumper systems are subjected to complex flow fields around their legs and bends and fall outside of the test data used to generate the free-span response model in DNV GL Recommended Practice (RP). A Joint Industry Project (JIP) ‘Jumper VIV JIP’ that included BP, ExxonMobil, Petrobras, Saipem and DNV GL was conducted between Dec. of 2014-2016 to collectively tackle the technical issues related to the VIV design of rigid jumper systems.
Through the JIP study, measured responses from ExxonMobil's jumper tow test data were used to develop new response curves for jumper systems in pure-current condition. Curves for in-line and cross-flow responses were initially developed by classifying the measured responses into in-line or cross-flow directions and compared against the existing DNVGL-RP-F105 response curves. Due to potential ambiguity in classification and application to Jumper Design, a more general curve that does not rely on directional classification has also been generated. Due to the differences in behavior of rigid jumper systems to that of free spanning pipelines, a new VIV guidance report was developed as part of the JIP deliverable. Principles and philosophies in the DNV-RP-F105 were followed in the development, but with the intent of identifying unique behavior of jumper systems for a subsequent update of the RP.
This paper presents the Guidance notes from the JIP and forms the first release of Jumper VIV fatigue assessment approach to the Industry. ExxonMobil's model test data, the only known test data available in the industry, was used in the development of unique response model and the new design guidance. The paper includes the new response model along with VIV screening, safety factors and unique considerations required for fatigue assessment of jumper systems.