Abstract

The resolution of seismic data in the semideep reservoirs ranging from 1500m to 3000m is low, and reservoir prediction is difficult when well data are scarce (Xu et al. 2005; Liu et al. 2018; Pang et al. 2012; Wang et al. 2017). The sedimentary facies of the semideep reservoirs are mostly complex deltas, fan deltas, braided river deltas, etc. In addition, in the exploration evaluation stage and early development stage, the well pattern of offshore oilfields is sparse and well spacing is large. Especially in the early stage of oilfield development, well data are very few, so it is difficult to establish an accurate reservoir geological model.

In order to solve this problem, this paper proposes a well-seismic integrated reservoir prediction technique based on seismic data frequency division processing and lithofacies distribution prediction technique based on sedimentary numerical simulation. On the basis of reservoir prediction, 3D reservoir geological modeling is carried out. With the reservoir prediction results as the constraint conditions, the sedimentary microfacies modeling is firstly developed, and then reservoir petrophysical modeling is carried out under microfacies constraints. The fine geological modeling of complex semideep reservoir is realized. Compared with the traditional geological model based on the constraint of 2D sedimentary microfacies map, the new modeling method has higher accuracy. The geological model established by the new method can more accurately predict the spatial distribution, porosity and permeability properties of reservoirs.

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