Abstract

Studies show that coastal regions of the East China Sea, Japan Sea, Philippine Sea and parts of the South China Sea have adequate wind speeds for offshore wind energy while coastal regions in equatorial Asia do not. Inexperience in installation, operation and maintenance (O&M) and the high levelized cost of electricity (LCOE) are major challenges in Asia’s roadmap to implement offshore wind farms. Several technologies in wind turbine design that will aid implementing offshore wind farms in Asia have been identified. They are weight reduction, increased reliability to reduce O&M, typhoon resistant design, integrating substructure into wind turbine design, electrifying oil and gas platforms by wind turbines, and combining multiple renewable energy systems in a single floating platform.

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