The development of current technology has enabled manufacturer to create various types of nanoparticles for multi-purposes in various sectors including the oil and gas industry. The use of nanoparticles for enhanced oil recovery (EOR) has been studied in the past decade both in the lab- and pilot-scale projects. Most of the research observed that nanoparticles are very attractive for EOR purposes. However, most of those studies use ??of silica-based nanoparticles. The use of other types of nanoparticles should be investigated as alternative solution.
In this study, two water-based metal-oxides nanoparticles: Al2O3 and TiO2, were employed. The primary size of both nanoparticles ranged of 40-60 nm. Nanofluids was prepared by dispersing 0.05 wt.% metal-oxides nanoparticles with synthetic saline water. Berea sandstones cores are used as porous media with average porosity and permeability of 15% and 60 mD respectively.
Coreflood experiment was conducted by injecting metal-oxides nanofluids as tertiary process (Nano-EOR). Degassed crude oil with viscosity ranged 5–50 cP was also used. To investigate the effect of temperature and rock wettability to oil recovery, coreflood experiment has been performed on various temperature condition and initial cores wettability: water-wet, intermediate-wet and oil-wet.
The detailed process and results are outlined in the paper to reveal the possible application of metal-oxides nanoparticles as alternative EOR method.