Turret-Moored FPSOs are frequently used for deepwater developments worldwide, with consideration of disconnectable turrets for harsh environment applications. This trend makes the interaction between the FPSO hull, mooring system, and riser systems a vital design parameter for arctic conditions.
This paper provides a review of the various riser systems that can be considered for turret-moored FPSOs. These include proven coupled and decoupled systems (flexibles, Steel Catenary Risers, Steel Lazy Wave Risers, and hybrid decoupled riser systems), and also new riser concepts (e.g. the TCR - Tethered Catenary Riser, or the TSLWR - Tethered Steel Lazy Wave Riser). These systems are described in terms of design and functionality.
These riser systems are discussed with consideration of the particular challenges of disconnectable turret-moored FPSOs and specificities of arctic conditions.