Upward looking sonar (ULS) instruments have been used for several decades to provide continuous measurements of ice draft. The time resolution of the ice draft observations is typically 1–2 seconds. When fused with ice drift speed observations, a high horizontal spatial resolution can be realized. Such a high resolution allows for the identification of individual ice keel features and an analysis of their spatial characteristics. Many methods are available for transforming the ice draft series from an equispaced time domain to an equidistant spatial domain. This paper analyzed the sensitivity of ice keel statistics to three transformation methods applied to ULS sea ice measurements in the Beaufort Sea and North Chukchi Sea. Although differences were found between the methods, these were related to episodes when the sampling frequency is not high enough to profile an ice draft feature travelling with a high drift speed. Knowledge of maximum drift speeds in the region of a measurement location along with the enhanced power and storage capacities of modern ice profilers enable sampling configurations which avoid this scenario.
The Sensitivity of Ice Keel Statistics to Upward Looking Sonar Ice Draft Processing Methods
Ross, E. , Fissel, D. , Mudge, T. , Kanwar, A. , Sadowy, D. , and Ole-Christian Ekeberg. "The Sensitivity of Ice Keel Statistics to Upward Looking Sonar Ice Draft Processing Methods." Paper presented at the OTC Arctic Technology Conference, Houston, Texas, February 2014. doi: https://doi.org/10.4043/24601-MS
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