The Arctic is becoming increasingly important in securing energy supplies for the future, notwithstanding the economic, environmental and social challenge. Also, finding and extracting oil and gas in the Arctic and Subarctic regions is itself challenging due to extreme temperatures, ice conditions, remoteness and a sensitive natural environment.
Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) can be produced Onshore, Offshore (FLNG) and near shore. Onshore is the most common LNG solution, however in hostile Arctic environments and remote areas onshore construction becomes expensive and challenging. Likewise Offshore LNG (FLNG), considered for export of offshore gas reserves and normally produced from deep water subsea wells, is not yet considered feasible for hostile Arctic environments where pack ice is prevalent.