Several offshore gas fields are present in the Adriatic Sea (Italy), producing since the 60s from multilayer metric sand reservoirs. The declining production in these mature fields is normally offset by drilling new deviated wells. Recent technology evolution shifted the focus from metric reservoirs to thinly laminated intervals (thin beds), until now not produced due to difficulties in identifying gas bearing zones. While gas identification in metric reservoirs can be normally achieved with standard petrophysical measurements, thin beds are challenging since lamination thickness is half inch or less and even advanced petrophysical logs struggle in discriminating gas from water in this environment. Conventional pressure gradient approach also does not work, since thin beds are often overpressurized and pressures are supercharged due to low mobility. A new wireline formation testing approach for thin beds to discriminate gas from water zones was introduced, using a dual packer string with downhole fluid analysis capabilities, including fluid density measurement. This provided the possibility of testing very low permeability zones with high uncertainties in saturations. Dual packer tests were also successfully carried out in the underlying shale formation never considered before a real reservoir, revealing potential for gas production. The possibility to verify gas presence in zones with high uncertainties saved the cost of multiple well tests, optimized the completion strategy of the different reservoirs and allowed to increase the field production and reserves, reducing at the same time uncertainties in reservoir model. Four jobs with dual packer and downhole fluid analysis to test thin beds were performed so far in three fields, resulting in added gas reserves estimated in 2 Billions Sm3 and gas production higher than the one at fields startup several years ago. This is a remarkable result for development wells in a mature environment (balanced exploration), maximizing asset value. Based on these results, several gas fields producing today from metric reservoirs will be revisited in the very near future in order to start production from thin beds, untouched until now, with the advanced wireline formation testing approach described in this paper playing a key role.
Thin Layers Gas Reserves Discovery And Production In Adriatic Through New Wireline Formation Testing Application
Loi, D., Mazzoni, S., Venturini, S., Baio, C., Borghi, M., Baldini, D., Italiano, F., and S. Cantini. "Thin Layers Gas Reserves Discovery And Production In Adriatic Through New Wireline Formation Testing Application." Paper presented at the Offshore Mediterranean Conference and Exhibition, Ravenna, Italy, March 2013.
Download citation file: