ABSTRACT:

The applicability of the 97/23/CE Directive, better well known as the Pressure Equipment Directive (hereafter PED), to the offshore floating units is nowadays subject to various interpretations. The scope of this paper is to give a picture of the technical and legislative normative frame for offshore projects, in the past and nowadays, in order to consider how PED gets into this context. As often happened the speed of the Oil & Gas industry progress, stressed by the energy demand, in the improvement of technologies and in the enlarging the technical horizons of the exploration, production and transformation of the natural resources has occurred faster than the fitting of the Rules, laws and standards frame. An in-depth picture of the current status about this matter could be a useful reference for the main Oil & Gas Operators, committed to implementing their offshore facilities worldwide, in the EU Member States and in Italy according to International and National rules and laws. As far as the Italian context, the scope of the paper is to clarify the reference frame of the Directives, Laws and Rules that already regulate the design of the offshore units, verifying in this context the pertinence of the PED Directive. The subjects examined in the paper are supported by the experience reached by Rina supporting customers involved in the implementation of their off shore facilities. In particular the paper will present four different cases in Italy that has involved or are involving Rina experts: o Fixed Offshore LNG terminal o Substitution of FPSO (Floating Production Storage Offloading) unit o FSRU (Floating Storage Regasification Unit) Project o Substitution of FSO (Floating Storage Offloading) unit 2 The paper is not intended to present a full result, but at least to be a starting point for the clarification of the matter

This content is only available via PDF.
You can access this article if you purchase or spend a download.