The occurrence of green water on the deck of Korea Research Institute of Ships & Ocean Engineering (KRISO) container ship is investigated using model test experiments and a fully coupled impulse response function (IRF)-computational fluid dynamics (CFD)-based numerical approach. In the experimental study, green water pressure over the deck and superstructure is investigated for different regular head wave conditions (wavelength/ship length ratio: .8-1.5) and vessel speeds (Froude number: .055-.166). The impact pressure on the deck is found to be highest at a wavelength/ship length ratio of 1.2 and increases drastically with the increase in Froude number. The variation of green water pressure with wave steepness is linear for points on the forward deck and quadratic for the superstructure. In the second part, a coupled IRF-CFD-based numerical method is developed in which the global hydrodynamic forces such as radiation-diffraction and Froude-Krylov force are computed using a potential flow solver, whereas the local pressure due to the shipping water impact is computed using CFD and added as an external force. Comparisons of vessel motions and green water pressures with experiments indicate that the coupled IRF-CFD method can be a robust and efficient tool to predict shipping water loads on ships.

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