This paper reports the results of an extensive experimental investigation into the mean flow properties of turbulent boundary layers with momentum-thickness Reynolds numbers less than 3000. Zero pressure gradient and favorable pressure gradients were studied. The velocity profiles displayed a logarithmic region even at very low Reynolds numbers (as low as Rθ = 261). The results were independent of the leading-edge shape, and the pin-type turbulent stimulators performed well. It was found that the shape and Clauser parameters were a little higher than the correlation proposed by Coles , and the skin friction coefficient was a little lower. The skin friction coefficient behavior could be fitted well by a simple power-law relationship in both zero and favorable pressure gradients.
Low-Reynolds-Number Turbulent Boundary Layers in Zero and Favorable Pressure Gradients
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Smits, A. J., Matheson, N., and P. N. Joubert. "Low-Reynolds-Number Turbulent Boundary Layers in Zero and Favorable Pressure Gradients." J Ship Res 27 (1983): 147–157. doi: https://doi.org/10.5957/jsr.19184.108.40.206
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