The developing- requirement to design economical foundation anti retaining structures to allow the utilization of sites heretofore considered unacceptable, has forced engineers and owners to look for new and more efficient design and construction methods a need to strengthen and refurbish and refurbish existing facilities as has forced the soils engineer to develops special techniques to allow the repair program to be conducted without disabling the structure's function.

This paper. presents, with illustrations, recent applications of pre-stressed rock and soil anchors to new foundation and retaining structures, as well as to existing structures

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