Abstract

The annual energy production of the wind farm has a close relation with the layout. This study investigates the optimization of wind farm layout in the offshore regions of western Taiwan using the wind model WindFarmer and WAsP. This study analyzes the correlation between energy loss of turbine wake and annual energy production to determine the best layout. The results show a summary of maximum installed number of wind turbines in the offshore region of Yunlin area at different water depth area. The total net AEP in 10-50 m water depth area is 7051.2 GWh, and the wake loss increases with more allowable installed wind turbines, and the maximum wake loss is about 12% in 10-50 m water depth area.

Introduction

Briefing of the development of global wind energy industry

Over the last 50-60 years, electricity generation has grown in most parts of the world. The steepest growth has been in developing countries and, therefore, balancing energy access, economic development and environmental sustainability is going to be a major challenge not only for the nations concerned but also for the global community. The potential for utilization of wind generated electricity, which we have assessed in this report, can play the most significant role in mitigating global warming.

Three important challenges concerning sustainable development, i.e. energy security, climate change and energy access make a compelling case for large-scale utilization of wind energy across the world.

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