ABSTRACT:

In this study the authors are looking at the environmental risks of oil transport activity in the Russian Federation's Far East offshore regions. The ecological risks which emerge during the functioning of the pipeline system and oil trans-shipping terminal are presented. A modeling of oil spills spreading are suggested and discussed. The estimation of the risks from the ecological accidents to the recreation activity and fishing industry in the Primorye Territory is presented. The ways of ecological risks reduction and protective measures for ecosystems including economical sanctions are worked out.

INTRODUCTION

The purpose of this paper is to estimate the ecological risks which emerge during the expected economical development of the coastal areas of the Russia's Far East Regions and to work out the methods of analyzing the impact of economic activity on the ocean environment. The authors are modeling the oil spills spreading, estimate the risks from the ecological accidents for the Primorye Territory, analyze different methods of spill mitigation and its financing. The results of the study can be used for the long-term planning of offshore regions development.

CONSTRUCTION OF THE RUSSIAN's LONGEST PIPELINE
The Russian Federation's United Oil Pipeline System

In December 2004 the government of the Russian Federation decided to initiate a project and construct the united oil pipeline system East Siberia - Primorie. Its main route will be as follows: Tayshent (Irkutsk's area) – Skovordino (Amur's area) – Perevozochnaya Bay (Primorye Territory). One of the pipeline branch goes to China's Datsin and another to Prymorie terminal. Various importers such as China, Korea, Japan, USA will be the basic buyers of oil in Primorie (Protsenko, 2003). The oil trans-shipping terminal can be the "window" to the Asia and base for the economical growth of Russian's Far East.

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