The main attention of present work is to investigate the ability of a adaptive mesh ganeration method in accurate cavitation simulation. A numerical study of the cavitation around NACA66 hydrofoil has been carried out. The simulation results such as cavitation shape, the lift coefficient CL and the drag coefficient CD are analyzed and compared with each other. It is found that the adaptive mesh refinement can effectively capture the change of cavitation morphology, especially the cavitation shedding process, while the the calculation cost is generally lowered.
Cavitation is a physical phenomenon which occurs when the local pressure of liquid drops below the limit of static vapor pressure. This severe vaporization has been a research hotspot in fluid mechanics field for it leads to problems such as pressure fluctuation, increased drag force, vibration, and noise( Ghorbanim et al., 2015;WU J et al., 2005). On the other hand, it is required to be able to utilize cavitation in some cases like supercavitation torpedo. At present, the speed of ships is generally increased, and the occurrence of cavitation appearing in hydraulic devices including pumps, turbines, and propellers is inevitable. Therefore it is important to study cavitation through numerical methods.
Cavitation around hydraulic machineries have been studied for decades. A number of experiments were carried out to investigate cavitation phenomena, because it was the most efficient way, and possibly the only way. Attached cavitation that formed on stationary hydrofoils with significant sweep was tested by Crimi(1970), Bark(1986), and Ihara, Watanabe & Shizukuishi(1989).The unsteady cavitation in mixed-flow pumps have been experimentally and numerically investigated by Kobayashi and Chiba(2010) with data close to the ones obtained with other researchers. Among the different types of cavitation around hydraulic machineries, the tip vortex cavitation and the sheet cavity are the focus of propeller cavitation study. (Oprea and Bulten, 2009; Bensow and Bark, 2010). When the ship hull is also concerned, the impacts of the irregular wake behind the ship to the propeller cavitation is a research emphasis with experimental and numerical methods. The unsteady cavitation characteristics have been studied through experimental research with a simplified hydrofoil in the cavitation tunnel, from standard NACA hydrofoils (Wu et al., 2015; Zhang et al., 2014) or Clark-Y (Huang et al., 2014; Kato, 2011) to special types of profiles like a plano-convex hydrofoils (Coutier et al., 2007; Le et al., 1993).