This work is devoted to issues related to the organization of traffic between the Far East and Northern Europe via the Northern Sea Route (NSR). The paper the overview (2010–2012 years) of the experience transportation of Russian and foreign cargoes along arctic coast of Russia is given. The development of icebreaking cargo ships of the Russian transport fleet, ice-reinforced drilling platforms and other infrastructure is reviewed. The description of geographic and climatic features and histories of development for the NSR is given.

For this work materials of the author on research of water transport systems (Taranukha, 2010) and sea ice-resistant drilling platforms (Taranukha, 2004, 2009, 2010) are used. In the survey part of the repot open materials of the Internet (Northern …, 2009–2012, Economic …, 2009–2012) are used.

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