Demonstrating a viable development for the Ekofisk reservoir directly above the producing Tor reservoir in the Halfdan Field (Danish North Sea) has historically been challenging. A recent well shows the value of cross-disciplinary collaboration and new technology to maximize recovery and mitigate reservoir and drilling risks. Specifically, 4D seismic was utilized when planning the well, while placement was optimized by using advanced geosteering tools. Well optimization was further enhanced by adopting novel completion and stimulation technologies.
Pressure data and 4D seismic show that Tor and Ekofisk are in dynamic communication, but the degree of communication varies locally. The integration of 4D seismic with other disciplines’ input succeeded in optimizing the well placement and narrowed the significant pore pressure uncertainty along the 12,000-ft reservoir section.
To maximize well length within the target zone and reduce the risk of being faulted out of the target reservoir deep resistivity was used to steer the well in the optimal layers. This contributed to 99% of the reservoir section being placed in the target zone.
Lessons learnt from an earlier appraisal well and modest production experience in this part of the Ekofisk reservoir helped to justify the choice of selective completion zones (Sliding Side Door) in the inner part of the horizontal drain in order to minimize the impact of potential water or premature water breakthrough from high-rate injection wells located in the underlying Tor reservoir. This decision was validated after drilling the inner part of the well, where water-swept zones were encountered in the heel, followed by a long gas pay zone in line with 4D seismic signal in the remainder of the inner well section.
To mitigate the risk of an unwanted fracture connection and increase contact with the tight oil-saturated reservoir, a novel stimulation and completion technology was successfully deployed in the outer 6-inch open-hole section of the well. The acid needles completion, deployed across a 3,000-ft reservoir interval and comprising 224 needles deployed by pumping acid, was the first installation of its kind in the Danish North Sea. For the acid needles completion, this installation holds two distinctions: the largest number of acid needles installed in a well, and the combination of the acid needles completion with a different completion system in a single lateral for the first time.