Well B-2 is a dual-string producers with Distributed Temperature Sensing (DTS) fiber installed along the long string (i.e. Well B-2L) across the reservoir sections. Each zone comprises of sub-layers. This system enabled the operator to continuously monitor the wellbore temperature across all the producing intervals including gas-lift monitoring, well integrity identification, zonal inflow profiling and stimulation job evaluation. This paper mainly discusses the post matrix acid stimulation job with interpreted DTS and zonal Permanent Downhole Gauge (PDG) data.
Well B-2L has been selected for matrix acidizing treatment to improve the productivity due to potential formation damage, proven by the declining production over the years. Prior to the execution of the acidizing job, several conformance jobs such as injectivity test, tubing pickling were performed. This is followed by the main acid treatment and flow back. DTS & zonal PDG data were acquired throughout the operation. A transient simulator model was built incorporating all the reservoir properties including well trajectory and completion schematic to analyze the DTS profile and understand the zonal inflow profiling for each zone post treatment. A baseline temperature was acquired for the geothermal evaluation. The DTS data has been studied according to actual event schedules. Some significant findings are; i) completion accessories effect (feedthru packers) creates temperature anomalies, ii) leak points detected at top producing zone signifies cooling effect due to injected fluid. The main treatment was intended at zone 2 and 3 using nitrified acid. However, leak points at top zone caused bypassed injection into Zone 1 and 2 instead. Fiber optic DTS warmback profiles post main-treatment was analyzed to quantify the fluid intake from sub-layer in each zone.
Qualitatively from the DTS-interpreted zonal profiling, the data clearly shows most of treatment fluid is being injected into Zone 1 and 2 with no intakes at Zone 3. Furthermore, warmback analysis confirmed the high intake zones from sub-layers within the main zone based on the permeability contrast. This paper will further discuss the zonal injectivity understanding for improvement from the zonal-inflow profiling evaluation by incorporating DTS, PDG and surface production data.