This study focuses on the numerical simulations of the flow around tandem cylinders placed in the vicinity of a rigid, horizontal plane wall. The cylinders are immersed close to a plane wall in a steady current with a logarithmic boundary layer profile at an intermediate, subcritical Reynolds number (Re = 1.31 x 104). The distance between the cylinder centers is L/D = 2 and 5, and the gap between the cylinders and the wall is G/D = 1. Three-dimensional large eddy simulations (LES) with a Smagorinsky subgrid scale model are performed using the open-source code OpenFOAM. The present results are analyzed through the values of drag and lift coefficients, as well as by the details of the flow fields in the near wake of the cylinders. The results are qualitatively compared to the results of the flow around tandem cylinders for both L/D = 2 and 5, as well as to the case of a single cylinder near a plane wall.
Many commonly used engineering structures are shaped as circular cylinders. Subsea pipelines, marine risers, columns of platform legs, and various parts of offshore structures are only some examples in the current-and wave-driven marine environment, while chimneys, power lines, and cables represent some cylindrical structures exposed to the air flow. The key parameter in this type of flow is the Reynolds number, Re= UcD/ν, where Uc is the free stream velocity, D is the cylinder diameter, and ν is the kinematic viscosity of the fluid. Classification of the flow regimes around a smooth, circular cylinder in steady, uniform flow is presented by Sumer and Fredsøe (2010); it ranges from a laminar flow with two fixed, symmetric vortices to a fully developed vortex street with both a turbulent wake and a turbulent boundary layer.
Due to its widespread engineering applications, the flow around a single circular cylinder immersed in an unlimited fluid is a well-explored fluid flow topic. Detailed experimental results are available from almost a century ago (Thom, 1928) to the modern particle image velocimetry (PIV) measurements of Parnaudeau et al. (2008). Many studies are also published in the field of computational fluid dynamics (CFD) for various Re ranges. Recent large eddy simulation (LES) results are presented by Krajnovic (2011), Lysenko et al. (2012, 2014), and Abrahamsen Prsic et al. (2014). Tremblay et al. (2000) and Wissink and Rodi (2008) published the benchmark case for ReD3, 300–3, 900 using direct numerical simulations (DNS), while Dong and Karniadakis (2005) utilized DNS to perform higher Re number simulations for the stationary and oscillating cylinder. Saltara et al. (2011) utilized the detached eddy simulations (DES) to further investigate the oscillating cylinders under the influence of vortex-induced vibrations (VIV). Comprehensive reviews of both the physical phenomenon and the previously published results are given by Zdravkovich (1997) and Sumer and Fredsøe (2010).