The in-situ stress contrast between a reservoir rock and the surrounding formations is important to the design and analysis of hydraulic fracture treatments. The stress contrast between layers controls the fracture's vertical (height) growth, which in turn affects the fracture length and width. As part of the Gas Research Inst.'s (GRI's) Comprehensive Study Well (CSW) program in the Devonian shales of the Appalachian basin, we measured in-situ stresses directly and used these values to calibrate acoustic log measurements to develop stress profiles across the Devonian shales. This discusses the measurement and interpretation of in-situ stresses, the use of acoustic logs to determine mechanical properties and a more complete stress profile, and the practical use of the stress profile in fracture-treatment design and analysis.
In-situ stresses were measured directly throughout the Devonian shale interval with both openhole and cased-hole stress tests, conducted with nitrogen, a specially designed downhole shut-in tool, and a downhole quartz pressure gauge with surface readout. The paper describes the procedure used and presents interpreted stress-test results from two CSW's. Full-waveform acoustic tools were run to define elastic properties of the Devonian shales. These properties also were determined under both static and dynamic conditions from whole-core plugs taken in the shales. Logs were calibrated to core-measured values, and then elastic properties determined from the logs were used to compute an in-situ-stress profile, which was calibrated against field measurements of in-situ stresses. Finally, we discuss how these data are used to design and analyze hydraulic fracture treatments in CSW's.