Tools, everyone is talking about tools. It could be tools to build a house, or the tools for training a class. Both of these efforts require tools. But the tools needed are as different as night and day. It makes no difference what one does, tools are going to be needed. What tools would you need to use to implement a Construction Risk Management Program that works? The tools that are used will change as one starts with the company policy and moves through the pre-planning stage, documentation, approval of the contractor/sub-contractor and lower tiers, implementation, inspections, enforcement, close out, and what's next. It might be that you would need all of the following tools or maybe just a few. The types of tools being used will depend upon the project demands and complexity. The tools that are discussed here are all being used by Kajima Construction Services, Inc. and should add items to your safety toolbox. Picking the right tool can make all the difference in the world when putting together a Construction Risk Safety Program that Works. Some of the questions that need to be asked are:

  • What is the first step in building a Construction Risk Management Program?

  • Will corporate buy in at the top management level?

  • Who at the corporate level will review and implement?

  • Who signs the corporate policy statement and how will people be held accountable or rewarded?

  • Will goals and program objectives be established just to meet OSHA minimums or exceed them?

  • Will responsibilities be clearly established and assigned?

  • Will implementation cover who, what, when and where?

  • What should be included?

Hopefully, this article will help to answer these question.

Why Implement a Construction Risk Management Program?

Exposures That Need to be Reduced

Just what type of exposure are we going to find? There could be exposures that could cause personal injuries, motor vehicle incidents, traffic tie-ups, property damage caused by dropped objects, floods, fire, rain, cave-ins, vehicles, storage of material, and work planning. There could be injuries to the public and even losses by liquidated damages because the project was not completed on time due to an incident. These are some of the exposures that can and do occur on a construction site that need to be reduced.

Control of Exposures

The type of control that will be required can only be determined by the kind of exposure that is found. The controls to be used will take many forms of tools such as barricading, shoring, personal protective equipment, railings, signs, traffic control, security, lay down areas, equipment checks, trained operators, site training, shutting off of active utilities, and planning meetings so contractors on the site are on the same page. Sometimes the right hand does not know what the left hand is doing or even in what direction the feet are going. A good risk management program will address these issues.

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