Introduction

The risk of motor vehicle crashes associated with on-the-job operation of motor vehicles or exposure to road traffic hazards affects millions of workers in the United States. Fatality data show that across all industries, motor vehicle-related incidents are consistently the leading cause of work-related fatalities, and they are the first or second leading cause in every major industry sector. Of 47,718 work-related fatalities reported by the Bureau of Labor Statistics between 2003 and 2011, 17,037 (36%) were associated with motor vehicles.1,2 The toll for this 9-year period included:

  • 1,305 deaths in single- or multiple-vehicle crashes on public roadways

  • 2,709 deaths in crashes that occurred off the highway or on industrial premises

  • 3,023 pedestrian worker deaths as a result of being struck by a motor vehicle

Crash-related fatalities and serious injuries have a devastating impact on workers and their families, and on the economic health and productivity of American businesses. For crash-related injuries in 2010 requiring more than 6 days away from work, worker's compensation costs alone were estimated to be nearly $2 billion (Liberty Mutual Research Institute for Safety 2). Work vehicles also have an impact on the safety of the motoring public. For example, although motor vehicle crashes are the leading cause of fatality for truck drivers, these events result in far more fatalities of other road users (FMCSA 64).

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