ANSI/ASSE Z690.2-2011 (ISO 31000) can be applied to an entire organization, as well as specific processes, activities or projects. (ANSI/ASSE/ISO, nd; ISO, nd). Risk management process involves applying logical and systematic methods for communication and consultation throughout the process, identifying, analyzing, evaluating and treating risk associated with any activity, process, function, project, product, service or asset, monitoring and reviewing risk; and recording and reporting the results appropriately.
Prevention through Design (PtD) addresses occupational safety and health needs in the design and redesign processes to prevent or minimize the work-related hazards and risks associated with the construction, manufacture, use, maintenance, and disposal of facilities, materials, equipment, and the service sector. One of the goals is to educate designers, engineers, machinery and equipment manufacturers, SH&E professionals, business leaders, and workers to understand and implement PtD methods and apply this knowledge and skills to the design and re-design of new and existing facilities, processes, equipment, tools, and organization of work.
ANSI/ASSE Z690.2-2011 (ISO 31000) includes three main sections: Risk Management Principles (Clause 3); Framework (Clause 4), and Process (Clause 5). ISO 31000 (ANSI/ASSE Z690.2-2011) is not one of the incorporated standards in ANSI/ASSE Z590.3-2011, the PtD standard. (ANSI/ASSE, 2011). However, SH&E professional could play a significant role in incorporating PtD principles into the risk management process. PtD principles could be successfully integrated into ISO 31000 Clause 5. Clause 5 (Process) is one of the key sections of the Risk Management standard. A key component of the Process is Risk Assessment (Section 5.4). According to the standard, Risk Assessment is an overall process of risk identification, risk analysis and risk evaluation. The authors see a direct link between the two standards. Section 7 of the PtD standard details the hazard analysis and the risk assessment process. Furthermore, both standards provide guidance on risk assessment techniques. The authors strongly believe that the PtD standard should be incorporated in ISO 31000 Clause 5. Suggestions for ANSI/ASSE Z690.2-2011 (ISO 31000) and ANSI/ASSE Z590.3-2011 integration are presented below.