Introduction

Millions of U.S. workers are at risk for a work-related motor vehicle crash (MVC). Fatality data show that across all industries, MVCs are consistently the leading cause of work-related fatalities. Of 43,025 work-related fatalities reported by the Bureau of Labor Statistics between 2003 and 2010, 10,202 were the result of single- or multiple-vehicle crashes of workers driving or riding in a vehicle on a public roadway, and 2,707 were pedestrian workers struck by a motor vehicle.1 2 An analysis of the costs of MVCs to U.S. employers using data from 1998–2000 found that on average, each fatality cost a business over $500,000 in direct and liability costs, and each non-fatal injury cost nearly $74,000 (National Highway Traffic Safety Administration 2003). More recently, for MVC-related injuries requiring more than 6 days away from work, worker's compensation costs were estimated to be nearly $2 billion (Liberty Mutual Research Institute for Safety 2).

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