Severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) is a severe febrile respiratory illness which resulted in a crisis in Taiwan never experienced before. This new microbial threat caused by SARS-associated coronavirus (SARS-CoV) is previously unknown to many risk-management organizations. As the chain of the risk process discussed by Morgan et al is shown below1
Figure (available in full paper)
The first step of the risk process is to trace back where is the source of the SARS infection. Followed steps like infection species, pathway, health effects and factors are also needed to be identified. Even there was a severe infection event happened in Taiwan in 1918, however, response strategies can not be concluded from that extreme event due to lack of data or records.
SARS-CoV disease created a new impact and task for both Government and organizations. In the early stage of SARS epidemic, public do desire all the related information for SARS-CoV disease. Everyone wanted to known the control measures for SARS-CoV disease no matter how low the exposure probability is. As the dense population, fast speed of information dissemination, SARS-CoV disease could spread rapidly on a global scale through international travel, Government really acted on incomplete information and seek to reduce uncertainty and turbulence for SARS impact. All these conditions make it a task to tackle. They need to timely disseminate accurate and science-based information on what should be known about SARS-CoV disease in risk process within a short period. To many organizations, it is also necessary using proper communication tools to provide the controllability information and explicitly emphasize on value in order to make higher quality decision by the public.2,3 Therefore, unnecessary losses won't happen such as insufficient supply of N95(Not resistant to oil, 95% efficiency) masks4, shut-down business for shops, hospitals or transportation vehicles with SARS infected cases, cancellation of meetings or conferences, etc.
The objective of this paper is to discuss what should a school respond when facing SARS treat. There are more than ten thousands of students, teachers, contractors and visitors stay on campus each day. All the people are coming from different regions while their family members may work in potentially affected region like hospital, local or foreign affected area. In order to prevent SARS infection and reduce the impact from SARS, infection control procedures must be implemented on campus. If there were people close contacting with suspect case of SARS, tens or hundreds of students may be asked to monitor the body temperature or recommend voluntary home isolation which will result in class suspension, and the following make-up procedures must be arranged beforehand. Thus, many administrative offices will be involved to tackle the SARS tasks. During the SARS epidemic, lots of information should be collected and provided to each person immediately. Proper response and treatment to suspect cases of SARS should be accomplished well. The communications on campus were extensive in the information center in that period.