Wormholes are long, finger-like channels that form due to the flow and dissolution heterogeneity in the soluble porous rock matrix. Wormholes are major flow pathways, which significantly increase the permeability of the rock formation. A fundamental understanding of the wormhole formation is crucial in civil, environmental and energy engineering research and practice. A series of gypsum core flood tests were conducted to study the effect of flow rate on the dissolution of the gypsum rock matrix and the formation of wormholes. High-resolution X-Ray computed tomography (CT) was used to determine the geometry of the wormholes resulting from different flow rates. Specifically, the study then focused on the geometry of the wormholes resulting from different flow rates using skeleton analysis and fractal analysis. These analyses showed that higher flow rates resulted in more complex wormholes regarding the wormhole length and fractal dimensions.
Geometric and Fractal Analysis of Complex Wormholes Resulting from Gypsum Core Flood Tests
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Li, W., Einstein, H. H., and J. T. Germaine. "Geometric and Fractal Analysis of Complex Wormholes Resulting from Gypsum Core Flood Tests." Paper presented at the 53rd U.S. Rock Mechanics/Geomechanics Symposium, New York City, New York, June 2019.
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