Fracture patterns experienced under a dynamic uniaxial compressive load are highly sensitive to rock microstructural defects due to its brittleness and the absence of macroscopic stress concentration points. We propose two different approaches for modeling rock microstructural defects and inhomogeneity. In the approach, microcracks with certain statistics are incorporated in the computational domain. In the approach, fracture strength values are sampled using a Weibull probability distribution. We use the Mohr-Coulomb failure criterion to define an effective stress in the context of an interfacial damage model. This model predicts crack propagation at angles ±?ch = ±(45 - ?/2) relative to the direction of compressive load, where ? is the friction angle. By using appropriate models for fracture strength anisotropy, we demonstrate the interaction of rock weakest plane and ?ch. Numerical results demonstrate the greater effect of strength anisotropy on fracture pattern when an explicit approach is employed. In addition, the density of fractures increases as the angle of the weakest planes approaches ±?ch. The fracture simulations are performed by an h-adaptive asynchronous spacetime discontinuous Galerkin (aSDG) method that can accommodate crack propagation in any directions.
Modeling of Rock Inhomogeneity and Anisotropy by Explicit and Implicit Representation of Microcracks
Abedi, R. , and P. L. Clarke. "Modeling of Rock Inhomogeneity and Anisotropy by Explicit and Implicit Representation of Microcracks." Paper presented at the 52nd U.S. Rock Mechanics/Geomechanics Symposium, Seattle, Washington, June 2018.
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