In recent years, the development of oil and gas from shale has proceeded quickly in the world due to the application of multi-stage fracturing technology in horizontal wells. It is imperative to study the poroelastic characteristics of the rock for modeling the performance of rock under in-situ conditions, thus ensuring the success of hydraulic fracturing. Biot's coefficient is one of the key poroelastic parameters for calculating the effective stress for creating artificial fractures in the shale formations. In this study, we propose anew method to measure the Biot's coefficient. Our method simplified the measuring procedures to obtain the Biot's coefficient by controlling the confining pressure, which isused to maintain the volume of the sample, while altering the pore pressure. Shales amples recovered form Bakken formation in Willistion Basin is tested using this method. The results of our experiments show that the Biot's coefficient of Bakken samples obtained from horizontal drilling and vertical drilling are significantly different from each other. This significant difference of Biot's coefficient with different drilling-direction provides scientists and engineers a solid base for in-situ stress analysis during multi stage hydraulic fracturing and reservoir depletion due to production.

This content is only available via PDF.
You can access this article if you purchase or spend a download.