Western Iran is a semi-arid region which suffers from periodic water shortages. To address water needs, a number of sites that may be suitable for the construction of storage dams have been identified. This paper highlights the geological-geomechanical characterization of the rock masses exposed in the dam abutments and foundation area at the Khorram-Roud Dam in Hamadan, Western Iran. A comprehensive engineering geology and rock mechanics study was executed at the dam site. Different rock mass classification systems including RMR, Q, RQD, GSI, RMi and DMR were applied to characterize and provide a basis for estimating deformation and strength properties of the rock masses for preliminary design calculations. Based on results from this study, a set of geotechnical suggestions were proposed for a further more detailed investigation of potential stability problems, as well as a program for impermeation and consolidation grouting. In conclusion, the studied dam site has been proposed as an appropriate site for construction of a rock-fill dam.
Western Iran is a semi-arid region with a limited water supply and suffers from periodic water shortages. In the last few years, water demands have increased because of a high rate of population growth, together with greater demands from industrialization. To satisfy future water needs, Ministry of Energy personnel have selected a number of sites that could be suitable for construction of storage dams to be used primarily for domestic recharge of groundwater and irrigation. This article presents the geological-geomechanical characterization of the rock masses exposed at the dam abutments and foundation area at the proposed Khorram-Roud Dam in Hamadan, Western Iran. The geological-geomechanical characterization of the rock masses comprises comprehensive engineering geology and rock mechanics studies conducted in the study area including surface geology, jointing fabric study, borehole drilling and logging, and field and laboratory geotechnical testing.